Though most people can’t understand what IoT is without telling them its full form of this, knowing about the Challenges of IoT Architecture is another thing. IoT shifting the pace of the world without anyone noticing. Today IoT is predicting how we collect and exchange data. Even though it was previously collecting some bad reputation and was called full of security threats, unreliable and what not? but now almost the full world has turned upside down when IoT comes as one of the most secure ways to transfer data. In the pre-pandemic times, it was estimated that we would have nearly 40 Billion IoT devices around the world. The pandemic-affected world managed to get near 18 billion by the beginning of 2022. It’s quite a lot for a world where there are so many problems are going on.
For the last few years, It has become the focus of many industries for its monitoring capabilities. That can help for finding new things and also checking the health of devices working under the monitaration. A technology like new cant be without problems though its getting more advance each day, people are developing other IoT performance checking technologies to check the challenges of IoT architecture in an IoT system. Now let’s check what are the challenges of IoT architecture.
No hard and fast structure
IoT is a heterogeneous technology which means every device is different. Not like a mobile network where every device is mobile. In the IoT different kinds of devices are installed in an IoT system. The application of the IoT or the software in the backend of the whole IoT system can be made from a variety of languages, protocols, and standards. Also, IoT architecture does not have a single platform of standardization and while trying to be added with newer technologies and endpoints, the languages and protocols are updated according to how easier it will be to make each of them compatible. It comes as one of the Challenges of IoT Architecture.
In order to make the architecture sophisticated hardware components related to the IoT as well as the software aspects of the IoT should also be standardized. Having a standardized application programming interface (APIs) and software service so that future applications are employed in a uniform and level environment, enables easy migration across systems.
The soul of any IoT device is its connectivity to other devices. It plays a crucial role in transporting data between sensors and actuators. In the context of IoT, connectivity can be examined at various levels from the frequency bands at the physical layer to MAC protocols at the link layer, transport protocols at the transport layer, network protocols, and mobility at the network layer, and application protocols at the application layer. It’s another set of Challenges of IoT Architecture.
This also causes issues in IoT scalability As we said before IoT works by combining data sets from various IoT devices. IoT is a whole system with so many interconnected devices. In order to generate interconnected and complex business rules. These business rules further actuate IoT devices to automate the process. interoperability is the ability to efficiently exchange and make use of data between devices. The better the efficiency the better the interoperability. So it’s obvious that effective business requires interoperability, which is not an easy job because of multiple vendor problems and legacy system issues.
Sometimes IoT devices are stagnant in a place but most of the time they are moved a lot. Therefore, they change their IP addresses and networks frequently based on their locations. It’s another challenge of IoT Architecture.
When an attacker tries to penetrate into systems one of the ways the attacker uses is the exhaustion method. It hampers one or many processes of IoT architecture. At the beginning of the attack, it takes place as an aftereffect of it. For example, if someone does a DoS attack where the attacker sends too many requests to make the network unavailable for other users. Another way attackers can exhaust the system is by giving so many requests that exhaust the system resources.
It can be both either memory limit or battery resources. IoT architecture is distributed in nature; therefore, it does not have a high amount of danger. Here we have a post in detail about IoT security challenges. It’s one of the severe Challenges of IoT Architecture that is so hard to solve.
its attacks focus on the privacy of the information of the users. It can be the application of viruses, adware, spyware trojan horses, and worms to interact with systems. It’s one of the most dangerous Challenges of IoT Architecture. The malware disguises software as a form of scripts, codes, or content and takes access to user databases. From here It acts against the needs of the system to steal the confidentiality of user details.
Unable to handle large data
Since there are a large number of devices and a massive amount of data transmission between users, there is no ability to deal with enough data processing according to the needs. Hence, this leads to network disturbance and data loss.
There is no structured or steady straightway to way to build the architecture of IoT. IoT has 3 layers but the new age modern IoT systems that need to do so many things cannot work to the fullest needs one more layer to work properly. In order to make the IoT system more secure, a 5 layer architecture is yet to come but we still can’t remove the challenges of an IoT architecture for the most part.