In simpler terms standardization is a process of creating software and hardware technologies that are compatible with each other. Standardized software can work across multiple projects and technologies in its given industry. It’s still one of the hardest hurdles to overcome for IoT. IoT enabled the use of many devices simultaneously but when everyone is making their own IoT system without structure and boundaries it causes many scalability challenges of IoT. It’s the main reason why Standardization Is Important For IoT.
IoT is not a new technology but it’s only now that everyone is talking about it. Many companies have built their products around it. With the depressed growth of technology problems arise when one device fails to pair with other devices. Currently, we don’t have any global standards for IoT development IoT promises the simultaneous use of billions of devices together but for that standardization is much needed to tone down the complexity of connecting devices together. Here are more reasons why Standardization Is Important For IoT.
Top 3 Reasons to standardized IoT
Safer Cyber Operations
Sensors collect all the data from the environment and eventually, that data is used by the respective devices. Sensors can either transmit sensors via wired or wireless networks. From here it gets sent to the cloud platform to get processed and visualized. In the cloud server, many AI algorithms and analytics come into action that analyzes and interpret the data to show on the IoT application on the IoT application far away on the mobile device.
Still, standardization is not particularly important for interoperability instead it makes sure the protocol’s security threats are free and safe for users. It also efficiently saves data loss while transportation. It’s also cheaper to produce as it’s cheaper than producing each component differently. As there are fewer components for making things compatible it also needs lesser time to reach the market. It is a reason Why Standardization Is Important For IoT.
Security of user data
Another reason why standardization is important in IoT is that it installed dedicated devices to make sure that the ownership of the data is secured. With different kinds of devices and software any single device and compromise the security and the whole IoT system. Standardization can make regulation of the whole system easier. It can keep the ownership of the data secure. Without the presence of regulation, the user data can go anywhere.
The organizations who are owning the cloud server can sell or share data as they please. Data can be generated in Spain stored in Thailand and is used from the U.S.A. when everything is standardized and one monitoring device can do check if all the regulations are being checked or not. So it’s a reason Why Standardization Is Important For IoT.
Keeping people safe
Needless to say that different countries have different laws and regulations regarding the ownership of the data. When different parts of an IoT system come from different places it gets harder for devices to communicate efficiently. Today IoT is being used in essential sectors like telemedicine where medical devices are being used from far across the country so seamless connectivity is the topmost priority. The reason why standardization is essential for IoT here is that a minimal lag in the system can be life-threatening. If standardization is made strict then the connectivity problem is avoided. It’s another reason Why Standardization Is Important For IoT.
If it’s so important why standardization is not implemented yet?
Until now we know Why Standardization Is Important For IoT but IoT devices would not be a simple task to standardize. The procedure, along with the enforcement of the regulations, will be hampered by challenges and obstacles. Despite the fact that there is no single body involved in developing IoT standards, significant attempts are being taken at the national and international levels, as well as at the government and organizational levels.
Many domestic and multinational corporations have established alliances to agree on shared IoT standards and technologies. The problem is that IoT technology grew in a very scattered manner and got advanced in it too so now when we are almost halfway around making the tight rules would be harder. Here are more reasons for it.
Heterogenous Technology– IoT consists of much heterogenous technology which means every other device is different from the other. It consists of many sensors, actuators, protocols, gateways, many physical devices, and many other things. All of them work in a different environment from each other. They also do different things from each other and build with different technologies. This means they will also consist of different bandwidths of network connections, those will be harder to work with together. Different components also have different software and OS installed in them so they are often harder to implement standardization.
Changing Configurations– Technology world is ever-changing the change goes on roid when it comes to IoT. Even if some standardization is made the next-gen makes it obsolete for the new technologies.
Changing Architectural Concepts– The concepts of IoT architecture are changing similarly. As the overall layout is changing its getting hard to standardize without compromising the new inventions and new possibilities. Though it’s not completely impossible. In order to successfully implement this, we firstly check all the chipsets and components that are being used. Then configure all of them then in the ecosystem to smoothly comply with technologies that make it the current architecture standardized. It needed to continued up-gradation to secure the system. The process is tough so its hard to implement standardization.
Where to implement standardization in IoT
Sensors– There are two types of sensors: active sensors and passive sensors. With the help of modern technologies producing sensors are cheaper than ever. So more and more seniors today are being used to make the IoT system more sophisticated. The sensors cant be made to standardize but regulating what will be sensors’ strength and how it will act can help sake step in the way of standardizing.
Networks– All the data that the sensors collect are carried by the networks to get processed in the cloud servers. This part includes things like routers and bridges in different topologies. It can also be done by Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, Low Power Wi-Fi, WiMAX, regular Ethernet, etc. The driving forces for widespread network adoption in IoT are the high data rate. Here standardization can be put to make any one of these networks compulsory for all. This will easily implement standardization in the network.
Standards– The third stage in the implementation process involves the sum of all activities of handling, processing, and storing the data collected from the sensors. This aggregation increases the value of data by increasing the scale, scope, and frequency of data available for analysis. But aggregation can only be achieved through the use of various standards depending on the IoT application in use. There are two types of standards relevant for the aggregation process; technology standards (including network protocols, communication protocols, and data-aggregation standards) and regulatory standards (related to security and privacy of data, among other issues). Challenges facing the adoption of standards within IoT are standards for handling unstructured data, security and privacy issues in addition to regulatory standards for data markets.
Intelligent analysis– The fourth stage in IoT implementation is extracting insight from data for analysis. IoT analysis is driven by cognitive technologies and the accompanying models that facilitate the use of cognitive technologies. With advances in cognitive technologies’ ability to process varied forms of information, vision and voice have also become usable. Implementing standardization here can be harder than in others but standardizing how the data will be handled and how that will be structured and analyzed in the IoT system here can help implement standardization in the overall IoT system here.
Standardization will never be easy in any field of technology. The reason behind standardization is not limited to this list. Here is a blog if you want to know more about it. The way to standardization won’t be easy but at least now you know how to do this. Hope you understand why Standardization is important for IoT. Thank you for being with us.