IoT is the new buzzword on the internet for the last few years and it seems like suddenly want to develop IoT of their own. IoT is a mesh of different kinds of technology that contain different kinds of sensors, actuators, displays, data transmitters, receivers etc. What makes an IoT is the connectivity between all of those devices and technologies. Today any technology talk is incomplete without adding any segment dedicated to IoT. Let’s talk about what are the Characteristics of IoT and let’s try to understand what IoT is in a more in-depth manner.
Top 8 Characteristics Of IoT
It was introduced back in 1960 but after the internet reached everywhere and the data was available in the amount that was never possible before. Now IoT has made this possible to interconnect devices together to share data with each other to take a more holistic approach and come with more functionality and more value to the users to make lives easier. Any good IoT device is capable of either generating or transferring data.
Here is one action initiated after the transfer of data. For example, starting water sprinklers after dry weather forecast from a weather machine. Today IoT is heavily used in agriculture, weather information and its elder sibling Industrial internet of things (IIOT) are used in oil and gas industries where the risk of lives increases and on the other hand internet of medical things (IOMT) is saving lives. Other places where IoT is heavily used are waste management, asset tracking, security and cyber security, telemedicine and waste management projects of the government. Here are the Characteristics Of IoT that make a smart environment possible.
The connection between other devices
Connection is what makes a device smart its what makes IoT call IoT it’s the first characteristic of IoT. A good IoT environment must have to be able to connect from Anyone, anywhere and anytime. It should be as easy to get connected as calling someone or sending a message. Here a great example of this can be a weather machine that can be accessed from anywhere to get information from someplace.
Intelligence and Identity
IoT does not directly collect data the sensors do it from here IoT collects the raw data and processes this. For example, a small propeller in the tap of a beer barrel is the sensor that counts the spinning and the server of the IoT system tells how much beer is spent. It’s another characteristic of IoT.
IoT needs to have some amount of intelligence in order to make sense of that data. Each IoT device comes with some kind of unique Id for making it easy to locate where that data is coming from and verify it with other devices nearby. All of this together makes it easier to interpret the data properly. This makes IoT intelligence also gives another character to it.
No matter how efficient or sophisticated your IoT application is can cant have unlimited end-point connectivity. At some point, it needs to be upgraded but it needs to have a good amount of scalability. So that more devices can be connected to the IoT system. It’s another characteristic of IoT.
It needs to be effective under different conditions other than the places it was meant to work. It means it needs to upgrade itself according to different scenarios and contexts. Assume a camera meant for surveillance. It should be adaptable to work in different conditions and different light situations (morning, afternoon, night).
As we said before IoT is a mesh of different kinds of technology it cannot be homogeneous in nature. It should be hybrid, supporting different manufacturers ‘ products to function in the IoT network. It also makes it more user friendly and easier to use. IoT is not owned by anyone engineering branch. IoT is a reality when multiple domains come together.
Having so many connected to IoT applications means a large attack area. It can attract penetration activities. It puts the risk of personal data getting leaked. Especially when every device is basically connected to the same network. So, in order to be an effective IoT solution, it must have to be secure for its user base. It’s a most of the time a huge challenge as it’s quite hard to make IoT secure. Also, it increases the cost of IoT development. It’s another crucial characteristic of IoT.
IoT devices connect to each other which you already know but at the same time, they stay connected to some server as well. Here at KotaI Electronics as the best IoT company in India we use cloud computing. It makes the system super fast and secure. In the case of Industry grade, IoT solutions raw analogue data need to be acquired, preprocessed and rescale as per business capacity. Our top-class tech selection makes the system capable o handling all that.
IoT devices are built and fixed in one place for a long time it cant be super power-hungry. It needs to be efficient enough to consume less power and still be powerful and send data properly. If it’s powered by a battery it has to be effective to make that battery last longer. It’s another characteristic that an IoT must-have.